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Retro Studios

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Retro Studios
Retro Studios logo.png
Founded: September 21, 1998
Founder: Jeff Spangenberg
President: Michael Kelbaugh
Parent / owner: Nintendo
Divisions / subsidiaries: N/A

Retro Studios, Inc. is a Nintendo first party game development studio based in Austin, Texas. Founded in September 1998 as an alliance between Nintendo and Jeff Spangenberg, the studio was initially founded to produce games targeted at an older demographic for the Nintendo GameCube.

In 2002, Nintendo purchased $1 million in stock at Retro and reclassified them as a first-party developer. After the purchase, Spangenberg stepped down as president and was replaced by Steve Barcia. Later in 2003, Barcia was replaced with Michael Kelbaugh, who remains the current president of Retro.

The first games to be developed and released by Retro were the Metroid Prime trilogy of games. Afterward, they were placed in charge of the Donkey Kong Country series, rebooting it with the release of Donkey Kong Country Returns. Most of Retro's works have been co-produced with Nintendo SDP Group No. 3, which aids developers outside Japan.

Games produced

Game Year Console
Metroid Prime 2001 Nintendo GameCube
Metroid Prime 2: Echoes 2004 Nintendo GameCube
Metroid Prime 3: Corruption 2007 Wii
Metroid Prime: Trilogy 2009 Wii
Donkey Kong Country Returns 2010 Wii
Mario Kart 7[note 1] 2011 Nintendo 3DS
Donkey Kong Country Returns 3D[note 2] 2013 Nintendo 3DS
Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze[note 2] 2014 Wii U
Metroid Prime Remastered 2023 Nintendo Switch
Metroid Prime 4: Beyond[1] 2025 Nintendo Switch
  1. Co-developed with Nintendo EAD.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Co-developed with Monster Games.

External links

Retro Studios on other NIWA Wikis:
Metroid Wiki logo.png
Metroid Wiki
SmashWiki logo.png
StrategyWiki logo.png
Super Mario Wiki logo.png
Super Mario Wiki


  1. Development Update on Metroid Prime 4 for Nintendo Switch. Nintendo (YouTube; January 25, 2019). Retrieved January 25, 2019.

Nintendo logo.png
1st & 2nd Party / Owned
Internal divisions
Owned / Affiliated Seattle Mariners* • The Pokémon Company • Warpstar Inc.
* – Former / Defunct
3rd Parties / Partners
8-4 • AlphaDream* • Ambrella* • Argonaut Games* • Arika • Artoon* • Arzest • AS Tokyo Studios • Bandai Namco • Capcom • Camelot • Cing* • Creatures Inc. • DeNA • DigiNin* • DigitalScape • Eighting • Flagship* • Fuse Games* • Game Freak • Ganbarion • Genius Sonority • Good-Feel • Grezzo • HAL Laboratory • Hatena • Hudson Soft* • indieszero • iNiS • Intelligent Systems • Jamsworks • Jupiter • Koei Tecmo • Kuju • Left Field Productions* • Level-5 • Mistwalker • Monster Games • Noise • Paon • PlatinumGames • Q-Games • Rare* • Red Entertainment • Sega (Atlus) • Sora Ltd. • skip • Softnica • Spike Chunsoft • Square Enix • St.GIGA* • Syn Sophia • TOSE • Treasure • Vanpool* • Vitei
* – Former / Defunct
Key employees
Managers, etc. Internal
  • NNSD: Yusuke Beppu
  • Monolith Soft: Hirohide Sugiura, Tetsuya Takahashi
  • 1-Up Studio: Gen Kadoi
  • ND Cube: Hidetoshi Endo
  • Retro: Michael Kelbaugh
  • NERD: Alexandre Delattre